Démarrer Windows PE à partir d'un disque dur

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Publié le : 02/06/2011 vers 20h
Mise à jour le : 07/06/2010 vers 13h
Catégories :
  • Windows

Auteur(s) :
Christopher BONNAL (Membre depuis le 06/01/2010)
Société : EGILIA
Fonction : Stagiaire Informatique
Contactez cet auteur - Affichez les ressources de cet auteur
Cette procédure vous détaillera comment installer l'environnement Windows PE directement sur un disque dur, et non via à une clé USB.
Cela vous permetra de démarrer facilement sur cet environnement pour de la récuperation de données ou pour du déploiement.
Pré-requis :

1 : Préparer le disque dur

Cette étape permet de formater votre disque dur, afin de lui insérer l'environemment Winpe.

Démarrez votre machine via le lecteur flash, ainsi vous allez démarrer sur le Winpe, une invite de commande va se lancer automatiquement.
Vous devez formater le disque dur de votre machine de la même manière que l’UFD.

  • « diskpart »
  • « select disk <N°> »
  • « clean »
  • « create partition primary »
  • « select partition <N°> »
  • « active »
  • « format fs=ntfs »
  • « assign letter=c : »
  • « exit »

2 : Copiez les fichiers Winpe sur votre disque dur

Celle-ci permet d'insérer l'environnement Winpe sur votre disque dur.

1) Vous devez copier les fichiers de ressources Windows PE sur le disque dur. Pour cela vous devez taper cette commande.
Exemple : d:\imagex /apply d:\sources\boot.wim 1 c:   où « d:\ » Est le média bootable Winpe qui contient « ImageX ».

2) Copiez le dossier « Démarrage » à partir du lecteur flash à la racine de votre disque dur. Utilisez cette commande.
Exemple : xcopy d:\boot\*.* /e /f c:\boot\

3) Copiez le fichier Bootmgr à la racine de votre disque dur. Lancez cette commande.
Exemple : copy d:\bootmgr c:

4) Supprimez les données de configuration de démarrage que vous avez copié sur votre média amorçable.
Exemple : del c:\boot\bcd

3 : Préparer le disque dur

Créez une configuration de démarrage de nouveau fichier appelé BCD en utilisant BCDEdit.
BCD remplace Boot.ini.

  1. « C : »
  2. « mkdir »
  3. « Bcdedit –createstore c:\temp\BCD »
  4. « Bcdedit –store c:\temp\BCD –create {bootmgr} /d “Boot Manager” »
  5. « Bcdedit –store c:\temp\BCD –set {bootmgr} device boot »
  6. « Bcdedit –store c:\temp\BCD –create /d “WINPE” –application osloader »
  7. « Bcdedit –import c:\temp\BCD »
  8. « Bcdedit –store c:\boot\BCD –set <GUID> osdevice partition=c : »
  9. « Bcdedit –store c:\boot\BCD –set <GUID> device partition=c : »
  10. « Bcdedit –store c:\boot\BCD –set <GUID> path \windows\system32\boot\winload.exe »
  11. « Bcdedit –store c:\boot\BCD –set <GUID> systemroot \windows »
  12. « Bcdedit –store c:\boot\BCD –set <GUID> winpe yes »
  13. « Bcdedit –store c:\boot\BCD –set <GUID> detecthal yes »
  14. « Bcdedit –store c:\boot\BCD –displayorder <GUID> -addlast »

Votre machine est prête pour démarrer sur le Windows PE.

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